Date: Tue, 27 Jan 2004 13:22:31 -0500 (EST)
Subject: AASWOMEN for January 9, 16, & 23, 2004

AAS Committee on the Status of Women
Weekly issue of January 9, 16, & 23, 2004
eds. Patricia Knezek, Michael Rupen, & Jim Ulvestad

This week's issues:
1. New editor for AASWOMEN
2. Formalizing the recommendations of Women in Astronomy II: your help needed!
3. Report on the CSWA session at the Atlanta AAS meeting
4. Workforce special session at AAS June 2004 in Denver
5. "Colleges slow to hire female science professors"
6. Marriage and success
7. Science magazine section on parenthood
8. A few interesting Web sites
9. Childcare funds available for Denver AAS meeting
10. Summer school in Gravitational Wave Astronomy
11. AWIS awards for undergraduate/graduate women in physics
12. APS Scholarship for Minority Undergraduate Physics Majors
13. APS/IBM Research Internship for Undergraduate Women
14. Postdoctoral position in galaxy evolution, Padova, Italy
15. Instructor, Physics, College of the Redwoods, Eureka, CA (temporary)

1. New editor for AASWOMEN
From: Michael Rupen & Patricia Knezek

With this issue we welcome a new editor to AASWOMEN: Jim Ulvestad,
the assistant director for Socorro Operations for the National Radio
Astronomy Observatory. Jim is a member of the CSWA, and can be reached at . We look forward to working with him, and greatly
appreciate his help!

2. Formalizing the recommendations of Women in Astronomy II: your help needed!
From: Patricia Knezek

The CSWA is working to distill the key issues and suggestions from the Women
in Astronomy II Meeting (WIA II) held June 27 & 28, 2003, and to synthesize
them into a solid set of recommendations to present to the AAS Council in
June 2004. As a part of this process, we are soliciting comments and
suggestions from the AAS community at large.

As a first step, the CSWA held a session in Atlanta (see the summary below).
Using the input from this session, we will complete a draft set of
recommendations by March 1, 2004. That draft will be available for viewing, 
comments, and suggestions, through the "Members Only" AAS web pages until 
May 1, 2004.  We will then incorporate the comments and suggestions from 
AAS members for the presentation to the AAS Council in June. We will 
provide information on this process in upcoming issues of AASWOMEN. The 
CSWA invites people to give us their input either via the web site we will 
set up, or via email to Patricia Knezek,, or any of the 
other CSWA members (as listed at

3. Report on the CSWA session at the Atlanta AAS meeting
From: Patricia Knezek

The CSWA would like to thank the speakers and the many participants at the
session we sponsored during the Atlanta AAS meeting on Thursday, January 8,
2004. The formal presentations will shortly be available on the web,
linked off of the CSWA web site, .

Jim Ulvestad summarized the results and key recommendations from the
Breakout Groups of the WIA II meeting. There were seven breakout groups:
Family Issues, Outside Academia, Changing the Culture, How Women Can Achieve
Success, Small and Women's Colleges, Responsibilities of Larger Institutions,
and Hiring. Each group came up with a number of suggestions and
recommendations. The primary recommendations fell into seven categories.

1) Better statistics
    - need a systematic longitudinal study
2) Mentoring
   - formally and informally, throughout a career
   - training for mentors is critical
3) "Innovative career paths"
   - many astronomers do not end up as faculty at major research institutions
   - information needed for young scientists
   - restructure graduate programs to include alternate career paths
4) Balance between career and families
   - families need flexibility (childcare, family leave)
   - 16-20 years for stable job (grad school + postdocs + tenure-track),
     same as years for raising a family
5) Professional training for decision makers
   - mentoring, recruitment, and interviewing
6) Major consortia (AURA, NCAR, AUI, USRA) lead by example
   - develop a common set of "best practices"
7) Hiring practices
   - need better statistics
   - shorten career paths
   - proactive recruitment practices
   - solutions to the "two-body problem"

Two institutions then briefly covered the steps that they have been taken since
the WIA II meeting. The University of Texas had a presentation created by
Harriet Dinerstein and Neal Evans, who unfortunately could not attend, so
Patricia Knezek (WIYN) presented for them. WIA II attendees from Texas began
by reporting out about WIA II to their scientific staff and students. The
department immediately increased the number of invited women speakers for
colloquia. It incorporated many of the "best practices" recommended at the
conference when constituting its most recent faculty search committee,
including the presence of two women on the search committee, and actively
seeking applicants. In addition, the department arranged to present a summary
of the WIA II to the Dean and department chairs within the College of Natural
Sciences, and is working with them to garner support for the "best
practices" at the College level.

Richard Green (NOAO) followed with a presentation of the steps being taken
at NOAO. Like Texas, WIA II attendees from NOAO began by reporting out
about WIA II to their scientific staff. NOAO is also incorporating many of
the "best practices" from the conference, such as ensuring women are members
of job search, promotion, and tenure committees, and crafting job ads to be
perceived as inclusive and relatively free of subconscious bias. Management
is using NOAO's size and flexibility to offer opportunities to
two-career couples. Additionally, NOAO is introducing a voluntary mentoring
system for early career scientific staff, including formal training for the
mentors. The NOAO management plans to improve conditions for women and
minorities by acting on feedback from mentors, exit interviews, and other
sources. Finally, to enhance the image of NOAO as a fair and supportive
workplace, a series of Newsletter personal profiles will be initiated,
highlighting women in the organization in a professional context.

Following these presentations, there was some time for questions and
discussion about these recommendations, and what other steps might be
needed. The session ended when the room had to be given up for the next
session, but the CSWA encourage you to give us your input either via the
web site we will set up, or via email to Patricia Knezek,,
or any other CSWA member.

4. Workforce special session at AAS June 2004 in Denver
From: Fran Bagenal

The Astronomy Workforce

Thursday, 3 June, 10:00-11:30am

The population of astronomers is changing  - the age/gender/ethnicity profiles 
of institutions are evolving and astronomers have increasingly diverse 
cultural and educational backgrounds. Of concern for the future of the 
astronomy workforce are the trends of declining numbers of physics graduates. 
The AIP statistics division reports retirement in physical sciences to be 3% 
per year with many institutions anticipate enhanced recruitment over the next 
decade with the retirement of the 60s hiring boom. Issues of dual careers 
(the "2-body" problem") and combining family with career impact both 
recruitment and retention. The time is ripe for a discussion within the 
astronomy profession of our evolving demographics and strategies for 
attracting and retaining a talented astronomy workforce.

The purpose of this special session of the AAS is to present the demographics 
of the profession and to involve a broad audience in discussing solutions 
(institutional and personal) to the challenges posed by the evolution of the 
astronomy workforce.

The program for this 90-minute special session will be composed of 3-4 invited 
talks followed by audience discussion.

Organized by Fran Bagenal,

Co-sponsored by the Committee on the Status of Women in Astronomy and the
Committee on the Status of Minorities in Astronomy.

5. "Colleges slow to hire female science professors"

> From WIPHYS of January 16, 2004

"Thirty years after the federal government banned gender
discrimination in all academic programs that receive federal aid, the
study found that science and engineering faculties across America
remain overwhelmingly white and male." The Detroit News,
36629.htm There is also an article in the Chronicle of Higher
Education, for 1/16/04, at (may
require a subscription to read)

6. Marriage and success
From: Meg Urry

I thought this was a good article -- one of the authors is a colleague
here at Yale. Moral: gotta marry the right guy in order to succeed at


At Home and Work, Still a Man's World
By Emily Bazelon and Judith Resnik

for the full text.

[This article highlights several recent studies concerning the role men play
in their wives' careers, and vice versa. It's available for free at the
above Web address. -- Eds.]

7. Science magazine section on parenthood

> From WIPHYS of January 21, 2004

Science magazine's online service for young scientists this month
has a section on parenthood.

Miriam Forman

8. A few interesting Web sites
From: Marlene Cummins

>From The Scout Report, Copyright Internet Scout Project 1994-2003

New York Times: Despite Gain in Degrees, Women Lag in Tenure in 2 Main Fields
Oklahoma University: The Nelson Diversity Surveys
Women in Technology International
Women of NASA
Retaining Undergraduate Women in Science, Math, and Engineering: A Model Program
Beloit College: Girls and Women in Science
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory: Barbara McClintock

Barbara McClintock, a pioneer and giant in the world of genetics, not to
mention science in general, was born over a hundred years ago into an era of
gender roles that essentially dictated where a girl would go in life. Today,
while there may not be an overwhelming embracing of traditional gender
roles, many hard-to-shake undercurrents of sexism remain. In fact, with
regard to the sciences and engineering, a female student may currently
pursue and earn a doctoral degree -- representing nearly ten years of post-
secondary study -- without ever having had a female instructor or mentor.
The issues of gender in teaching and learning science extend much further
back into a girl's life, however. A trove of studies point to the fact that
girls simply have not been supported or encourage by their parents or
teachers to pursue math, science, and engineering careers. To counter this
and to instill a tone of support for girls, innumerable new scholarships,
programs, resources, and organizations have been formed in hopes of having
the Barbara McClintocks of the 21st century be the norm rather than the
exception. [JPM]

The first site, from the January 15, 2003 New York Times, is an article by
Tamar Lewin highlighting a study that shows a lack of women in tenure-track
appointments at major universities -- despite the fact that women are
earning more and more doctorates in the related fields of study. The second
link takes visitors to the website of the researcher, Donna J. Nelson, at
the University of Oklahoma who was the principal investigator of the NSF-
funded examination of women and minorities in science and engineering. This
second site, The Nelson Diversity Surveys is exceptionally comprehensive,
offering all of the data from the surveys from the past several years as
well as the reports themselves. The third site, Women in Technology
International, is the main site for this international organization
celebrating its fifteenth anniversary. The next site, Women of NASA, is a
great collection of information highlighting those individuals that have
contributed to the world of space science. The Teacher Tips section offers
some great teaching resources -- even entire websites with lesson plans. An
interesting paper concerning the study of retaining undergraduate women in
science, math, and engineering is found at the next site. Carol Muller and
Mary Pavone of Dartmouth College offer this white paper -- hosted at the
Frontiers of Education site at University of Pittsburgh -- which explains
the Dartmouth Women in Science Project and other similar projects in order
to offer suggestions for other universities. The next site, the home of the
Beloit College Girls and Women in Science project, offers a look into this
intrepid program to excite and support middle school girls about the wonders
of science. Certainly one of the first programs of its type, the Girls and
Women in Science website also offers valuable historical information about
girls and science learning as well as a great resource section. Finally, the
last site is hosted by the Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory -- the home of
Barbara McClintock for most of her professional life. The biography offers a
great look at this truly invaluable 20th century scientist and a remarkable
person. [JPM]

9. Childcare funds available for Denver AAS meeting
From: Dana Backman

Thanks to a generous anonymous gift from a AAS member, some funding for
childcare is available for future AAS meetings. As a pilot program, the
AAS will be accepting requests for $100 grants to help defray the costs
of childcare at the June 2004 Denver meeting. Names of childcare
providers will be available from the conference hotel, although the AAS
cannot vet or endorse any specific provider. The AAS meeting website will
offer a section for members interested in coordinating babysitter-sharing.
Please look for more information when you receive your preliminary
announcement of the June '04 meeting. We anticipate that the deadline for
childcare funding requests will be the same as that for late abstracts.
In the event that requests for grants exceeds the funding available,
preference will be given to applicants in early stages of their careers.

A committee consisting of Dana Backman (AAS Councilor, chair), Alycia
Weinberger (AAS Councilor), Susana Deustua (AAS Director of Education
Activities), and James Ulvestad (member, CSWA) is investigating the best
way to offer childcare assistance at future meetings. The AAS will soon
distribute a survey to a subset of the membership asking for more
information about childcare needs during AAS meetings. If you receive this
survey, please reply!

-- Dr. Dana E. Backman
   Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA)
   Education and Public Outreach Office (E/PO)
   MS 144-2
   NASA - Ames
   Moffett Field, CA 94035-1000

10. Summer school in Gravitational Wave Astronomy

> From WIPHYS of January 15, 2004

During the summer of 2004 [June 7-18] the Center for
Gravitational Wave Astronomy, a NASA University Research
Center at the University of Texas at Brownsville, will sponsor a
two-week intensive summer school program in Gravitational Wave

The purpose of the school is to provide senior undergraduate and
junior graduate students with the necessary background to begin
research programs in Gravitational Wave Astronomy. The school
will therefore give them an introduction to the theory of
gravitational waves including astrophysics of gravitational wave
sources, modeling of gravitational wave sources, analysis of
gravitational wave data, and gravitational wave detector

Students will be exposed to some of the world's leading experts in
these fields who will present a series of lectures to them. Students
will also be expected to engage in associated research projects for
the final week of the school and to give a presentation on that
research, and prizes will be awarded for the most meritorious
research projects. The school would be open to students from
around the world. A limited number of scholarships are available
for students who are enrolled in U.S. universities.

The school will take place in Brownsville, TX or in South Padre
Island from June 7 to June 18 2004. The deadline for the
application is March 15. Selection announcements are planned by
early April 2004.

For more information and an application form, please visit our
web-site, at, or contact our Student
Development Coordinator, Martha Casquette (Phone: 956 574

11. AWIS awards for undergraduate/graduate women in physics

> From WIPHYS of January 9, 2004

The Association for Women in Science (AWIS) offers several
awards in the amount of $1,000, two of which would be of special
note to women in physics:
  1) The Ruth Satter Award for an outstanding graduate
     student who interrupted her education for at least 3 years to raise a
     family . Apply by January 27, 2004
  2) The Kirsten R. Lorentzen Award in Physics, a new program for
    college sophomores and juniors studying physics, to be given to
    an exceptionally well-rounded student who excels in her studies
    as well as outdoor activities, service, sports, etc. or who
    has overcome significant obstacles. Apply by February 3, 2004.

Details on these awards and how to apply can be found at

12. APS Scholarship for Minority Undergraduate Physics Majors

> From WIPHYS of January 23, 2004

On behalf of the American Physical Society's (APS) Committee on
Minorities in Physics, I am pleased to announce the Twenty-Fifth
Annual Competition of the "APS Scholarship for Minority
Undergraduate Physics Majors." The goal of the program is to
encourage minority students to major in physics and graduate with
physics degrees. The scholarship consists of $2,000 for new
students, and $3,000 for renewal students. The hosting department
receives $500. In addition, students will be paired with professional
physicists who will serve as mentors.

Any African American, Hispanic American, or Native American
high school senior, college freshman or sophomore, who is a US
citizen or permanent resident, and who is majoring or planning to
major in physics, may apply.

We ask for your help in identifying and encouraging minority
physics students to apply for this scholarship. If you have
established relationships with any high schools, please also share
this information with them. The deadline for completed
applications is February 6, 2004.
Applications and more information on this scholarship can be found
at For
questions, please contact me using the information below.

Thank you for your help,
Arlene Modeste Knowles
Outreach Programs Administrator
P.S. Please forward this email to your colleagues

13. APS/IBM Research Internship for Undergraduate Women

> From WIPHYS of January 22, 2004

Applications for the APS/IBM research internship program for
undergraduate women in physics and related fields are due by
January 31, 2004. If you know of a young woman who might be
interested in this excellent opportunity, please share this

The internships are salaried positions typically 10 weeks long, and
include in addition a $2,500 grant, plus the opportunity to work
with a mentor at one of three IBM research locations. Complete
details on the program and how to apply are available at

Barbara Jones, Manager
Theoretical and Computational Physics
IBM Almaden Research Center
San Jose, CA

14. Postdoctoral position in galaxy evolution, Padova, Italy
From: Bianca Poggianti

The INAF-Astronomical Observatory in Padova (INAF-OAP) invites
applications for a postdoctoral research position, open to applicants
of all nationalities.

Outstanding candidates are sought who will carry out research programs
in the area of galaxy evolution. We wish to recruit a scientist who
has interests in at least one of the following areas: the effects of
the environment on the formation and evolution of galaxies, galaxy
clusters at high redshift, stellar populations and spectrophotometric
modeling, simulations of galaxy clusters and galaxies. Both observers
and modellers/theoreticians are invited to apply. The successful
candidate will take a leading role in international collaborations
aimed at investigating galaxy evolution in high redshift clusters
through the analysis/interpretation of VLT deep imaging and
spectroscopy, ACS/HST deep imaging and follow-up observations at other
telescopes, especially in connection with the ESO Distant Cluster
Survey (EDisCS,, and will
also be encouraged to pursue her or his own research programs.

Padova houses at the same location two major Italian astronomical
institutions: the Astronomical Observatory and the Department of
Astronomy. The astronomical community in Padova consists of 60+ staff
astronomers and ~70 between PhD students and PostDoc fellows, working
mainly in the fields of cosmology, galaxy and stellar evolution. The
town of Padova is located in the North of Italy, 20 km from Venice,
close to other major astronomical Italian centers such as Milano,
Bologna and Trieste, and within relatively short distance from
European astronomical centers such as ESO/Max-Planck in Garching bei

The position is for two years, with a possible extension based on
performance and availability of funding. The starting date is
negotiable, until January 2005 at the latest. The annual salary will
be 30000 euros (~38000 American dollars) for non-Italian residents and
25000 for Italian residents. Tax exemption will apply to a postdoc
fellow whose country of nationality is one of those countries
for which a bilateral agreement with Italy exists. Travel funds will
also be available.

Applicants should fill in the two forms that can be found at, where further informations are given.

Final deadline for applications is March 31st 2004, but candidates are
invited to send their applications as soon as possible.

INAF-OAP is an equal opportunity employer and strongly encourages
applications from women.

For additional information please contact Bianca Poggianti
( .

15. Instructor, Physics, College of the Redwoods, Eureka, CA (temporary)

> From WIPHYS of January 5, 2004

The Eureka campus of College of the Redwoods seeks an
instructor of Physics for Fall, 2004, and Spring, 2005. This
position requires an instructor to teach a full range of engineering
physics courses, as well as a general education physics course.
Experience in teaching college-level physics is a plus. Required
Qualifications: Master's degree from an accredited institution in
physics, astronomy or astrophysics; or a bachelor's degree in
physics or astronomy and a master's degree in engineering,
mathematics, meteorology, or geophysics; or the equivalent.

All applications will be reviewed by a representative screening
committee. Selected candidates may be contacted to further review
or to clarification of their qualifications. Complete details on the
application procedures can be found at or

Office of Human Resources
College of the Redwoods
7351 Tompkins Hill Road
Eureka, CA 95501-9300
PHONE 707.476.4140
FAX 707.476.4421
Job Line 707.476.4598
To be guaranteed a review by the screening committee, the
completed College of the Redwoods application form and all
supporting documents must be received in the office of the Math,
Science and Engineering Division Chair by 5 p.m. on the date of
first review. If, because of a disability, you need special services or
facilities in order to apply or interview for this opening, please call
Human Resources. Completed applications packets should be
mailed to:

     Division Chair for Math, Science & Engineering
     College of the Redwoods
     7351 Tompkins Hill Rd
     Eureka, CA 95501

CR is committed to Equal Opportunity in its employment and
encourages application from under-represented group members
(women, ethnic, minorities, persons with disabilities, and Vietnam-
era veterans).